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The exquisite examples of palace complexes, ensembles of temples and stupas are unique to the Kathmandu Valley.Criterion (vi): The property is tangibly associated with the unique coexistence and amalgamation of Hinduism and Buddhism with animist rituals and Tantrism.These encompass the seven historic ensembles and their distinct contexts.The majority of listed buildings are in good condition and the threat of urban development is being controlled through the Integrated Management Plan.These monument zones are the Durbar squares or urban centres with their palaces, temples and public spaces of the three cities of Kathmandu (Hanuman Dhoka), Patan and Bhaktapur, and the religious ensembles of Swayambhu, Bauddhanath, Pashupati and Changu Narayan.The religious ensemble of Swayambhu includes the oldest Buddhist monument (a stupa) in the Valley; that of Bauddhanath includes the largest stupa in Nepal; Pashupati has an extensive Hindu temple precinct, and Changu Narayan comprises traditional Newari settlement, and a Hindu temple complex with one of the earliest inscriptions in the Valley from the fifth century AD.The coexistence and amalgamation of Hinduism and Buddhism with animist rituals and Tantrism is considered unique.
The roofs are covered with small overlapping terracotta tiles, with gilded brass ornamentation.
Description is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0 Le patrimoine culturel de la Vallée de Kathmandu est illustré par sept ensembles de monuments et constructions, couvrant l’éventail complet des réalisations historiques et artistiques qui ont rendu la Vallée de Kathmandu mondialement célèbre.
Ces sept ensembles comprennent les places Durbar de Hanuman Dhoka (Kathmandu), Patan et Bhaktapur, les stupas bouddhistes de Swayambhu et Bauddhanath ainsi que les temples hindous de Pashupati et de Changu Narayan.
Criterion (iii): The seven monument ensembles represent an exceptional testimony to the traditional civilization of the Kathmandu Valley.
The cultural traditions of the multi ethnic people who settled in this remote Himalayan valley over the past two millennia, referred to as the Newars, is manifested in the unique urban society which boasts of one of the most highly developed craftsmanship of brick, stone, timber and bronze in the world.